Organising an event for 100,000 people is not easy, and must be well prepared, and this starts many months in advance of the beginning of the event.
The people are the main component of the Jan Satyagraha 2012 March. The March is mobilizing a peace army of 100,000 persons. The coordination of the Jan Satyagraha 2012 Marchis being carried out by a management committee. It has already created the structure of the organizational team.
100,000 Padyatris (Foot-Marchers)
Every person is a padyatri on the 2012 March, and they should be ready for all eventualities on the foot-march. There is a booklet on the FAQs for those that need a ready reference. This tells what steps to take in various circumstances. Otherwise, the newsroom on the website will be giving frequent updates.
10,000 Village Leaders (Dustan Nayaks)
A village leader has about 10 padyatris to oversee, and the leader is responsible for the following:
- Communicating to the group the reasons for this event, and what they will face during the foot-march and how they need to prepare themselves. This is mainly done by their preparation of organizing village meetings. For example, they make sure that their village forms a community grain bank (to ensure food security for the families that don’t participate to the march) and that each family saves some money (INR 1/day) that will serve either members that participate to the foot-march, or members that stay at the village.
- Counting the number of people that will come from his village (at least 10). He communicates the exact number to a section leader.
- Collecting grievances (concerning land entitlement) from people and passing these on to a section leader.
2000 Section Leaders (Jathan Nayaks)
A section leader has 5 village leaders – or 5 villages - (including his/her own village) under command and is responsible for about 50 foot-marchers, depending on the number of people in the villages. The section leader’s role is to control the activities of the village leaders and to take care of possible problems. Some of their work activities are:
- The section leader follows up on the village leaders’ work by traveling from village to village. If there is a problem, he takes care of it. For example, he controls the formation of community grain banks and the quality of the village leaders’ teaching. He also assists to village meetings and helps the village leaders.
- The section leader has, like the village leader, the responsibility of his/her own village. For his village, he fulfills the same work as a village leader.
- The section leader receives the collected grievances from village leaders, controls them, and passes them on to a group leader.
200 Group Leaders (Dal Nayaks)
A group leader has 10 section leaders – or 50 villages - under their command (including his/her own village) and they are responsible for about 500 foot-marchers, depending on the number of people in the villages. The group leader’s role is to control the activities of the section leaders and to take care of possible problems. In sum, she/he has a bigger responsibility than the section leader because she/he has more villages under their care. Some of their work activities are:
The group leader follows up on the section leaders’ work by staying in contact with them and by traveling to some villages. If there is a problem, he takes care of it. He also assists to village meetings and helps the village and section leaders.
- The group leader has, like the village and section leader, the responsibility of his/her own village. For his village, he fulfills the same work as a village leader.
- The group leader receives the collected grievances from section leaders, controls them, and passes them on to a camp leader.
20 Camp Leaders (Shivir Nayak)
A camp leader has 20 group leaders – or 500 villages - under command (including his own village) and is responsible for about 5000 foot-marchers, depending on the number of people in the villages. The group leader’s role is to control the activities of the group leaders and to take care of possible problems. In summary, he/she has a bigger responsibility than the group leader because he/she has more villages to take care of. Some of their activities are:
- The camp leader follows up on the group leaders’ work by staying in contact with them and by traveling to some villages. If there is a problem, he/she takes care of it. He also assists to village meetings and helps the village, section and group leaders.
- The camp leader has, like the village section and group leader, the responsibility of his/her own village. For his/her village, he/she fulfills the same work as a village leader.
- The camp leader receives the collected grievances from group leaders, cross-checks them, and passes them on to the relevant government officer.
At the top of the peace army structure, Rajagopal is the leader and President of Ekta Parishad. Ran Singh Parmar is the overall camp leader and National Convenor of Ekta Parishad, and both of them lead 20 camp leaders and are responsible of 1000 villages, which is equal to the total number of villages under the different levels of section and village leaders. One of Ran Singh’s role is to backstop the entire logistics of the Jan Satyagraha 2012 March. Some of the activities taken on by the senior leaders:
- Providing training for villagers on Ekta Parishad`s tools to obtain a familiarity with non-violent social action. Some of the tools are acts of civil disobedience (sit-ins, blockades, surroundings), youth and cadre-building camps (to build leadership and decision-making), women`s leadership formation, public`s hearings` (to listen to public`s grievances), etc.
- Implements Ekta Parishad tools by participating to rallies, conferences, dialogue with Government, and other such events.
- Mobilization across the country from October 2011 to September 2012. This march will last one year and will start in Orissa. Rajagopal will walk from village to village in 12 states in order to involve people in the Jan Satyagraha 2012 March. He will gather grievances but also attract media attention for the issues of the marginalized poor. He will finish his walk in Gwalior, just in time for Jan Satyagraha 2012 March , after having covered more than 6,000 kilometers.
Kindly find below a diagramme of the structure of Jan Satyagraha 2012:
An organizing committee has already been formed. It is the ‘brain’ of 2012 March. The committee is composed of members of each of the teams responsible for organization. Here are the teams:
Note: Each team is composed of about 1,000 persons. To ensure an efficient management, groups composed of 50-100 persons are created.
Back-up Team: This team acts as a helping team and checks that each team is going fine with it`s activities. If not, it can bring help and support.
Transportation Teams: As a lot of foreigners and VIP`s (famous people, journalists, political personalities, etc.) will shortly participate in the Jansatyagraha 2012 March, they will need transport from their arriving point and to their departure point.
Accomodation Teams: The foreigners and VIP`s will need a place to sleep so hotels will be made available for them.
Toilets and Shower Teams: The team will prepare, at each stage of the march, temporary toilets and showers in sufficient quantity to faciliate access for the foot-marchers.
Food Supplying Teams: This team will take care of buying food for the cooking team.
Cooking Teams: One breakfast (7-9 AM) and one dinner per day (6-8 PM) will be served to the foot-marchers.
Water Team: Water tanks will be disseminated all along the procession for foot-marchers.
Advance Team: This team will be in front of the procession. It will finalise the route to follow and decide the structure and organisation of the temporary camps (places to sleep, to cook, to organise small events, etc.)
Medical Team: A medical team will be available 24h/24 in case of health problems.
Program Organising Team: This team will work in coordination with the local people during each stage to welcome the foot-marchers and organise special events for them (speeches, conferences, cultural events, etc.).
Media & Documentation Team: This team will mainly help and work with journalists providing them interviews and specific information for press articles.